Power Allocation Method of Downlink Non-orthogonal Multiple Access System Based on α Fair Utility Function


Jianpo Li, Qiwei Wang, Journal of Information Processing Systems Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 306-317, Apr. 2021  

10.3745/JIPS.03.0157
Keywords: Ergodic Sum Rate, NOMA, power allocation, α Fair Utility Function
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Abstract

The unbalance between system ergodic sum rate and high fairness is one of the key issues affecting the performance of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) system. To solve the problem, this paper proposes a power allocation algorithm to realize the ergodic sum rate maximization of NOMA system. The scheme is mainly achieved by the construction algorithm of fair model based on α fair utility function and the optimal solution algorithm based on the interior point method of penalty function. Aiming at the construction of fair model, the fair target is added to the traditional power allocation model to set the reasonable target function. Simultaneously, the problem of ergodic sum rate and fairness in power allocation is weighed by adjusting the value of α. Aiming at the optimal solution algorithm, the interior point method of penalty function is used to transform the fair objective function with unequal constraints into the unconstrained problem in the feasible domain. Then the optimal solution of the original constrained optimization problem is gradually approximated within the feasible domain. The simulation results show that, compared with NOMA and time division multiple address (TDMA) schemes, the proposed method has larger ergodic sum rate and lower Fairness Index (FI) values.


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Cite this article
[APA Style]
Jianpo Li and Qiwei Wang (2021). Power Allocation Method of Downlink Non-orthogonal Multiple Access System Based on α Fair Utility Function. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 17(2), 306-317. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0157.

[IEEE Style]
J. Li and Q. Wang, "Power Allocation Method of Downlink Non-orthogonal Multiple Access System Based on α Fair Utility Function," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 306-317, 2021. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0157.

[ACM Style]
Jianpo Li and Qiwei Wang. 2021. Power Allocation Method of Downlink Non-orthogonal Multiple Access System Based on α Fair Utility Function. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 17, 2, (2021), 306-317. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0157.