Selecting a Synthesizable RISC-V Processor Core for Low-cost Hardware Devices


Dennis Agyemanh Nana Gookyi, Kwangki Ryoo, Journal of Information Processing Systems Vol. 15, No. 6, pp. 1406-1421, Dec. 2019  

10.3745/JIPS.03.0129
Keywords: Hardware Resources, IoT, Low-Cost Hardware Devices, RISC-V, SoC, Synthesizable Processors
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Abstract

The Internet-of-Things (IoT) has been deployed in almost every facet of our day to day activities. This is made possible because sensing and data collection devices have been given computing and communication capabilities. The devices implement System-on-Chips (SoCs) that incorporate a lot of functionalities, yet they are severely constrained in terms of memory capacitance, hardware area, and power consumption. With the increase in the functionalities of sensing devices, there is a need for low-cost synthesizable processors to handle control, interfacing, and error processing. The first step in selecting a synthesizable processor core for low-cost devices is to examine the hardware resource utilization to make sure that it fulfills the requirements of the device. This paper gives an analysis of the hardware resource usage of ten synthesizable processors that implement the Reduced Instruction Set Computer Five (RISC-V) Instruction Set Architecture (ISA). All the ten processors are synthesized using Vivado v2018.02. The maximum frequency, area, and power reports are extracted and a comparison is made to determine which processor is ideal for low-cost hardware devices.


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Cite this article
[APA Style]
Dennis Agyemanh Nana Gookyi and Kwangki Ryoo (2019). Selecting a Synthesizable RISC-V Processor Core for Low-cost Hardware Devices. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 15(6), 1406-1421. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0129.

[IEEE Style]
D. A. N. Gookyi and K. Ryoo, "Selecting a Synthesizable RISC-V Processor Core for Low-cost Hardware Devices," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 1406-1421, 2019. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0129.

[ACM Style]
Dennis Agyemanh Nana Gookyi and Kwangki Ryoo. 2019. Selecting a Synthesizable RISC-V Processor Core for Low-cost Hardware Devices. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 15, 6, (2019), 1406-1421. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0129.