Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 407-416, Aug. 2023
Keywords: AHP, Entropy Weight Method, multi-dimension, Port Logistics Location
Show / Hide AbstractIn order to effectively relieve the traffic pressure of the city, ensure the smooth flow of freight and promote the development of the logistics industry, the selection of appropriate port logistics location is the basis of giving full play to the port logistics function. In order to better realize the selection of port logistics, this paper adopts the entropy weight method to set up a multi-dimensional evaluation index, and constructs the evaluation model of port logistics location. Then through the actual case, from the environmental dimension and economic competition dimension to make choices and analysis. The results show that port d has the largest logistics competitiveness and the highest relative proximity among the three indicators of hinterland city economic activity, hinterland economic structure, and port operation capacity of different port logistics locations, which has absolute advantages. It is hoped that the research results can provide a reference for the multi-dimensional selection of port logistics site selections.
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 417-426, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Image dehazing, image enhancement, Mean-Guided Filtering, Ncut Algorithm, Transmittance
Show / Hide AbstractTo improve the effect of image restoration and solve the image detail loss, an image dehazing enhancement algorithm based on mean guided filtering is proposed. The superpixel calculation method is used to pre-segment the original foggy image to obtain different sub-regions. The Ncut algorithm is used to segment the original image, and it outputs the segmented image until there is no more region merging in the image. By means of the mean-guided filtering method, the minimum value is selected as the value of the current pixel point in the local small block of the dark image, and the dark primary color image is obtained, and its transmittance is calculated to obtain the image edge detection result. According to the prior law of dark channel, a classic image dehazing enhancement model is established, and the model is combined with a median filter with low computational complexity to denoise the image in real time and maintain the jump of the mutation area to achieve image dehazing enhancement. The experimental results show that the image dehazing and enhancement effect of the proposed algorithm has obvious advantages, can retain a large amount of image detail information, and the values of information entropy, peak signal-to-noise ratio, and structural similarity are high. The research innovatively combines a variety of methods to achieve image dehazing and improve the quality effect. Through segmentation, filtering, denoising and other operations, the image quality is effectively improved, which provides an important reference for the improvement of image processing technology.
Xinhua Lu, Haihai Wei, Li Ma, Qingji Xue, and Yonghui Fu
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 427-438, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Attention Mechanisms, multi-scale, Scene text recognition, Text Image Super-Resolution
Show / Hide AbstractPlenty of works have indicated that single image super-resolution (SISR) models relying on synthetic datasets are difficult to be applied to real scene text image super-resolution (STISR) for its more complex degradation. The up-to-date dataset for realistic STISR is called TextZoom, while the current methods trained on this dataset have not considered the effect of multi-scale features of text images. In this paper, a multi-scale and attention fusion model for realistic STISR is proposed. The multi-scale learning mechanism is introduced to acquire sophisticated feature representations of text images; The spatial and channel attentions are introduced to capture the local information and inter-channel interaction information of text images; At last, this paper designs a multi-scale residual attention module by skillfully fusing multi-scale learning and attention mechanisms. The experiments on TextZoom demonstrate that the model proposed increases scene text recognition’s (ASTER) average recognition accuracy by 1.2% compared to text super-resolution network.
Jun-Hyuk Choi, Jeonghun Lee, and Kwang-il Hwang
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 439-449, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Adaptive AI Service, Multichannel Streaming, Object Detection, Real-Time, Resource Efficient
Show / Hide AbstractThis paper deals with a resource efficient artificial intelligence (AI) service architecture for multi-channel video streams. As an AI service, we consider the object detection model, which is the most representative for video applications. Since most object detection models are basically designed for a single channel video stream, the utilization of the additional resource for multi-channel video stream processing is inevitable. Therefore, we propose a resource efficient AI service framework, which can be associated with various AI service models. Our framework is designed based on the modular architecture, which consists of adaptive frame control (AFC) Manager, multiplexer (MUX), adaptive channel selector (ACS), and YOLO interface units. In order to run only a single YOLO process without regard to the number of channels, we propose a novel approach efficiently dealing with multi-channel input streams. Through the experiment, it is shown that the framework is capable of performing object detection service with minimum resource utilization even in the circumstance of multichannel streams. In addition, each service can be guaranteed within a deadline.
Task Scheduling and Resource Management Strategy for Edge Cloud Computing Using Improved Genetic AlgorithmXiuye Yin, Liyong Chen
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 450-464, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Edge Cloud Computing, energy consumption, Improved genetic algorithm, Normal Distribution Crossover Operator, resource management, task scheduling, time delay
Show / Hide AbstractTo address the problems of large system overhead and low timeliness when dealing with task scheduling in mobile edge cloud computing, a task scheduling and resource management strategy for edge cloud computing based on an improved genetic algorithm was proposed. First, a user task scheduling system model based on edge cloud computing was constructed using the Shannon theorem, including calculation, communication, and network models. In addition, a multi-objective optimization model, including delay and energy consumption, was constructed to minimize the sum of two weights. Finally, the selection, crossover, and mutation operations of the genetic algorithm were improved using the best reservation selection algorithm and normal distribution crossover operator. Furthermore, an improved legacy algorithm was selected to deal with the multi-objective problem and acquire the optimal solution, that is, the best computing task scheduling scheme. The experimental analysis of the proposed strategy based on the MATLAB simulation platform shows that its energy loss does not exceed 50 J, and the time delay is 23.2 ms, which are better than those of other comparison strategies.
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 465-473, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Atmospheric Scattering Physical Model, guided filtering, Histogram Equalization, Image Defogging, image enhancement
Show / Hide AbstractAn image enhancement algorithm and image defogging method are studied in this paper. The formation of fog and the characteristics of fog image are analyzed, and the fog image is preprocessed by histogram equalization method; then the additive white noise is removed by foggy image attenuation model, the atmospheric scattering physical model is constructed, the image detail characteristics are enhanced by image enhancement method, and the visual effect of defogging image is enhanced by guided filtering method. The proposed method has a good defogging effect on the image. When the number of training iterations is 3,000, the peak signal-to-noise ratio of the proposed method is 43.29 dB and the image structure similarity is 0.9616, indicating excellent image defogging effect.
Haeyoung Park, Younghoon An
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 474-482, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Corpus, Data Mining, Maehwado, Painting Poetry, Plum Blossoms, Symbolic Meaning
Show / Hide AbstractData mining is a technique for extracting valuable information from vast amounts of data by analyzing statistical and mathematical operations, rules, and relationships. In this study, we employed data mining technology to analyze the data concerning the painting poetry of Maehwado (plum blossom paintings) from the early Joseon Dynasty. The data was extracted from the Hanguk Munjip Chonggan (Korean Literary Collections in Classical Chinese) in the Hanguk Gojeon Jonghap database (Korea Classics DB). Using computer information processing techniques, we carried out web scraping and classification of the painting poetry from the Hanguk Munjip Chonggan. Subsequently, we narrowed down our focus to the painting poetry specifically related to Maehwado in the early Joseon Dynasty. Based on this, refined dataset, we conducted an in-depth analysis and interpretation of the text data at the syllable corpus level. As a result, we found a direct correlation between the corpus statistics for each syllable in Maehwado painting poetry and the symbolic meaning of plum blossoms.
Dingkang Hua, Qian Zhang, Wan Liao, Bin Wang, and Tao Yan
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 483-497, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Attention network, Deep Learning, depth estimation, Light Field
Show / Hide AbstractDepth estimation is one of the most complicated and difficult problems to deal with in the light field. In this paper, a compound attention convolutional neural network (CAttNet) is proposed to extract depth maps from light field images. To make more effective use of the sub-aperture images (SAIs) of light field and reduce the redundancy in SAIs, we use a compound attention mechanism to weigh the channel and space of the feature map after extracting the primary features, so it can more efficiently select the required view and the important area within the view. We modified various layers of feature extraction to make it more efficient and useful to extract features without adding parameters. By exploring the characteristics of light field, we increased the network depth and optimized the network structure to reduce the adverse impact of this change. CAttNet can efficiently utilize different SAIs correlations and features to generate a high-quality light field depth map. The experimental results show that CAttNet has advantages in both accuracy and time.
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 498-512, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Classification, Competitive Strategy, Correlation Analysis, Descriptive Statistics, Magazines, Newspapers, prediction
Show / Hide AbstractThe traditional newspaper industry faces the opportunities and challenges of industry transformation and integration with new media. Consequently, the catalogs of newspapers and magazines are also updated. In this study, necessary information on catalogs was obtained and used to analyze the overall development trend of the newspaper industry. A word frequency analysis was then performed on the introduction and product categories of the catalogs, and the content and types of newspapers and magazines were examined. Furthermore, related factors such as price, number of pages, publishing frequency, and best-selling status were analyzed; the correlation among factors affecting best-selling status was also explored. Subsequently, each element and a combination of elements were used to generate a dataset, build three classification models, and analyze the accuracy of predictions of whether newspapers sold well under other circumstances. The experimental results showed that price is the most critical factor affecting the best-selling status of newspapers and magazines. Publishing frequency and the number of pages were also found to be significant indicators that impact people's subscription choices. Finally, a competitive strategy regarding content, price, quality, and positioning was developed.
Fresh Produce E-Commerce Supply Chain Coordination Considering Promotional and Freshness-Keeping EffortsXiaowei Hai, Tian Liao, and Chanchan Zhao
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 513-526, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Freshness-Keeping Effort, Fresh Produce E-commerce, Promotional Effort, Supply Chain Coordination
Show / Hide AbstractSupply chain coordination plays a critical role in improving the enterprise performance and the competitive advantage of fresh e-commerce. This study explores the coordination problem of a two-echelon fresh produce e-commerce supply chain comprising a fresh e-commerce enterprise and a fresh supplier in a novel framework. In this framework, the fresh e-commerce sells fresh produce and provides promotion effort; meanwhile, the fresh supplier deliveries fresh produce and provides freshness-keeping effort. Specifically, the optimal decisions under centralized and decentralized decision-making are compared, and it is found that centralized decisionmaking is more profitable. Based on this work, we created a cost-sharing and revenue-sharing combination contract. This study demonstrates that this contract effectively coordinates the supply chain and makes both parties achieve Pareto optimization when the parameters meet certain conditions. Finally, the feasibility and validity of the contract are presented through a numerical example.
Yanli Chu, Yuyao He, Junfeng Chen, and Qiwu Wu
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 527-539, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Error, least square method, Non-uniform Weight, Sensor Reliability, TDOA Positioning
Show / Hide AbstractIn the positioning algorithm of two-dimensional planar sensor array, the estimation error of time difference-ofarrival (TDOA) algorithm is difficult to avoid. Thus, how to achieve accurate positioning is a key problem of the positioning technology based on planar array. In this paper, a method of sensor reliability discrimination is proposed, which is the foundation for selecting positioning sensors with small error and excellent performance, simplifying algorithm, and improving positioning accuracy. Then, a positioning model is established. The estimation characteristics of the least square method are fully utilized to calculate and fuse the positioning results, and the non-uniform weighting method is used to correct the weighting factors. It effectively handles the decreased positioning accuracy due to measurement errors, and ensures that the algorithm performance is improved significantly. Finally, the characteristics of the improved algorithm are compared with those of other algorithms. The experiment data demonstrate that the algorithm is better than the standard least square method and can improve the positioning accuracy effectively, which is suitable for vibration detection with large noise interference.
Huishuang Shao, Yurong Xia, Kai Meng, and Changhao Piao
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 540-553, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Color Filling, Contour Restoration, De-noising, Hollow CAPTCHA
Show / Hide AbstractThe hollow letter CAPTCHA (Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart) is an optimized version of solid CAPTCHA, specifically designed to weaken characteristic information and increase the difficulty of machine recognition. Although convolutional neural networks can solve CAPTCHA in a single step, a good attack result heavily relies on sufficient training data. To address this challenge, we propose a seed filling algorithm that converts hollow characters to solid ones after contour line restoration and applies three rounds of detection to remove noise background by eliminating noise blocks. Subsequently, we utilize a support vector machine to construct a feature vector for recognition. Security analysis and experiments show the effectiveness of this algorithm during the pre-processing stage, providing favorable conditions for subsequent recognition tasks and enhancing the accuracy of recognition for hollow CAPTCHA.
Jie Sun, Lin Lu
Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 554-562, Aug. 2023
Keywords: Action Recognition, Fish Swarm Algorithm, image features, Sports Video, Sports Video Shear
Show / Hide AbstractThis research offers a sports video action recognition approach based on the fish swarm algorithm in light of the low accuracy of existing sports video action recognition methods. A modified fish swarm algorithm is proposed to construct invariant features and decrease the dimension of features. Based on this algorithm, local features and global features can be classified. The experimental findings on the typical sports action data set demonstrate that the key details of sports action can be successfully retained by the dimensionality-reduced fusion invariant characteristics. According to this research, the average recognition time of the proposed method for walking, running, squatting, sitting, and bending is less than 326 seconds, and the average recognition rate is higher than 94%. This proves that this method can significantly improve the performance and efficiency of online sports video motion recognition.