Adaptive Cooperative Spectrum Sensing Based on SNR Estimation in Cognitive Radio Networks

Shuiping Ni, Huigang Chang and Yuping Xu
Volume: 15, No: 3, Page: 604 ~ 615, Year: 2019
10.3745/JIPS.03.0122
Keywords: Adaptive Spectrum Sensing, Cognitive Radio, Detection Time, Fusion Center, SNR Estimation, Voting Rule
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Abstract
Single-user spectrum sensing is susceptible to multipath effects, shadow effects, hidden terminals and other unfavorable factors, leading to misjudgment of perceived results. In order to increase the detection accuracy and reduce spectrum sensing cost, we propose an adaptive cooperative sensing strategy based on an estimated signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Which can adaptive select different sensing strategy during the local sensing phase. When the estimated SNR is higher than the selection threshold, adaptive double threshold energy detector (ED) is implemented, otherwise cyclostationary feature detector is performed. Due to the fact that only a better sensing strategy is implemented in a period, the detection accuracy is improved under the condition of low SNR with low complexity. The local sensing node transmits the perceived results through the control channel to the fusion center (FC), and uses voting rule to make the hard decision. Thus the transmission bandwidth is effectively saved. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme can effectively improve the system detection probability, shorten the average sensing time, and has better robustness without largely increasing the costs of sensing system.

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Cite this article
IEEE Style
S. Ni, H. Chang and Y. Xu, "Adaptive Cooperative Spectrum Sensing Based on SNR Estimation in Cognitive Radio Networks," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 604~615, 2019. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0122.

ACM Style
Shuiping Ni, Huigang Chang, and Yuping Xu. 2019. Adaptive Cooperative Spectrum Sensing Based on SNR Estimation in Cognitive Radio Networks, Journal of Information Processing Systems, 15, 3, (2019), 604~615. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0122.