Analysis of the Sociality and Democratic-Citizenship Changes from the Application of the Scratch Remix Function in Cooperative Learning

Oh-Han Kang
Volume: 15, No: 2, Page: 320 ~ 330, Year: 2019
10.3745/JIPS.04.0108
Keywords: Cooperative Learning, Democratic Citizenship, Remix, Scientifically Gifted Elementary Student, Scratch, Sociality
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Abstract
This study analyzed changes in sociality and democratic-citizenship among elementary school students in the information class and the science class at the Science Education Institute for the Gifted, who were divided into an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group engaged in the Learning Together (LT) cooperative form of learning for which the remix function of Scratch, an educational programming language, was applied, while the control group was given general instructor-led lessons. Members in the experimental group were able to modify processes during projects through the usage of the remix function, thereby actively participating in the projects and eventually generating team-based results. The post-class t-tests showed a greater degree of improvements in sociality and democratic citizenship for the experimental group that was offered the remix-function-based cooperative learning than the control group. Statistically significant differences were present between two groups particularly in “cooperative spirit” sub-domain of sociality and the “community” and “responsibility” sub-domains of democratic citizenship.

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Cite this article
IEEE Style
O. Kang, "Analysis of the Sociality and Democratic-Citizenship Changes from the Application of the Scratch Remix Function in Cooperative Learning," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 320~330, 2019. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.04.0108.

ACM Style
Oh-Han Kang. 2019. Analysis of the Sociality and Democratic-Citizenship Changes from the Application of the Scratch Remix Function in Cooperative Learning, Journal of Information Processing Systems, 15, 2, (2019), 320~330. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.04.0108.