A Synchronization Scheme Based on Moving Average for Robust Audio Watermarking

Jinquan Zhang and Bin Han
Volume: 15, No: 2, Page: 271 ~ 287, Year: 2019
10.3745/JIPS.03.0112
Keywords: Audio Watermarking, Moving Average, Robust Watermarking, Synchronization Code
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Abstract
The synchronization scheme based on moving average is robust and suitable for the same rule to be adopted in embedding watermark and synchronization code, but the imperceptibility and search efficiency is seldom reported. The study aims to improve the original scheme for robust audio watermarking. Firstly, the survival of the algorithm from desynchronization attacks is improved. Secondly, the scheme is improved in inaudibility. Objective difference grade (ODG) of the marked audio is significantly changed. Thirdly, the imperceptibility of the scheme is analyzed and the derived result is close to experimental result. Fourthly, the selection of parameters is optimized based on experimental data. Fifthly, the search efficiency of the scheme is compared with those of other synchronization code schemes. The experimental results show that the proposed watermarking scheme allows the high audio quality and is robust to common attacks such as additive white Gaussian noise, requantization, resampling, low-pass filtering, random cropping, MP3 compression, jitter attack, and time scale modification. Moreover, the algorithm has the high search efficiency and low false alarm rate.

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Cite this article
IEEE Style
J. Z. B. Han, "A Synchronization Scheme Based on Moving Average for Robust Audio Watermarking," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 271~287, 2019. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0112.

ACM Style
Jinquan Zhang and Bin Han. 2019. A Synchronization Scheme Based on Moving Average for Robust Audio Watermarking, Journal of Information Processing Systems, 15, 2, (2019), 271~287. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0112.