A Hybrid Proposed Framework for Object Detection and Classification

Muhammad Aamir, Yi-Fei Pu, Ziaur Rahman, Waheed Ahmed Abro, Hamad Naeem, Farhan Ullah and Aymen Mudheher Badr
Volume: 14, No: 5, Page: 1176 ~ 1194, Year: 2018
10.3745/JIPS.02.0095
Keywords: Image Proposals, Feature Extraction, Object Classification, Object Detection, Segmentation
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Abstract
The object classification using the images’ contents is a big challenge in computer vision. The superpixels’ information can be used to detect and classify objects in an image based on locations. In this paper, we proposed a methodology to detect and classify the image's pixels' locations using enhanced bag of words (BOW). It calculates the initial positions of each segment of an image using superpixels and then ranks it according to the region score. Further, this information is used to extract local and global features using a hybrid approach of Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and GIST, respectively. To enhance the classification accuracy, the feature fusion technique is applied to combine local and global features vectors through weight parameter. The support vector machine classifier is a supervised algorithm is used for classification in order to analyze the proposed methodology. The Pascal Visual Object Classes Challenge 2007 (VOC2007) dataset is used in the experiment to test the results. The proposed approach gave the results in high-quality class for independent objects’ locations with a mean average best overlap (MABO) of 0.833 at 1,500 locations resulting in a better detection rate. The results are compared with previous approaches and it is proved that it gave the better classification results for the non-rigid classes.

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Cite this article
IEEE Style
Muhammad Aamir, Yi-Fei Pu, Ziaur Rahman, Waheed Ahmed Abro, Hamad Naeem, Farhan Ullah, and Aymen Mudheher Badr, "A Hybrid Proposed Framework for Object Detection and Classification," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 1176~1194, 2018. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.02.0095.

ACM Style
Muhammad Aamir, Yi-Fei Pu, Ziaur Rahman, Waheed Ahmed Abro, Hamad Naeem, Farhan Ullah, and Aymen Mudheher Badr, "A Hybrid Proposed Framework for Object Detection and Classification," Journal of Information Processing Systems, 14, 5, (2018), 1176~1194. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.02.0095.