Impediments to the Integration of ICT in Public Schools of Contemporary Societies: A Review of Literature

Shafaq Salam, Jianqiu Zeng, Zulfiqar Hussain Pathan, Zahid Latif and Aliya Shaheen
Volume: 14, No: 1, Page: 252 ~ 269, Year: 2018
10.3745/JIPS.04.0062
Keywords: Extrinsic & Intrinsic Impediments, ICT Integration, Public Schools, Software Education Reform
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Abstract
The era of information technologies has stimulated the demand of educational reform based on the use of information and communication technology (ICT). It requires explicit guidelines, vibrant objectives, mobilization of resources and political commitment at all levels of the country to achieve the desired results. However, change is not easy, it requires to overcome the impediments that hinder the successful integration of ICT in public schools. The pace of this reform is active in developed countries, while developing countries are lagging behind in achieving the required goals. The foremost purpose of this study is to highlight the barriers in the effective integration of ICT faced by developed countries in general and developing countries in particular. Reviewing the impediments to the integration of ICT in public schools may assist educators to become technology adopters in the future. Findings of the study reveal that intrinsic barriers are easy to surmount; once extrinsic barriers have been subdued successfully.

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Cite this article
IEEE Style
Shafaq Salam, Jianqiu Zeng, Zulfiqar Hussain Pathan, Zahid Latif, and Aliya Shaheen, "Impediments to the Integration of ICT in Public Schools of Contemporary Societies: A Review of Literature," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 252~269, 2018. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.04.0062.

ACM Style
Shafaq Salam, Jianqiu Zeng, Zulfiqar Hussain Pathan, Zahid Latif, and Aliya Shaheen, "Impediments to the Integration of ICT in Public Schools of Contemporary Societies: A Review of Literature," Journal of Information Processing Systems, 14, 1, (2018), 252~269. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.04.0062.