DEESR: Dynamic Energy Efficient and Secure Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks in Urban Environments

Mohammad S. Obaidat, Sanjay K. Dhurandher, Deepank Gupta, Nidhi Gupta and Anupriya Asthana
Volume: 6, No: 3, Page: 269 ~ 294, Year: 2010
10.3745/JIPS.2010.6.3.269
Keywords: Sensor Network, Security, Energy Efficiency, Routing, Dynamic Trust Factor
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Abstract
The interconnection of mobile devices in urban environments can open up a lot of vistas for collaboration and content-based services. This will require setting up of a network in an urban environment which not only provides the necessary services to the user but also ensures that the network is secure and energy efficient. In this paper, we propose a secure, energy efficient dynamic routing protocol for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks in urban environments. A decision is made by every node based on various parameters like longevity, distance, battery power which measure the node and link quality to decide the next hop in the route. This ensures that the total load is distributed evenly while conserving the energy of battery-constrained nodes. The protocol also maintains a trusted population for each node through Dynamic Trust Factor (DTF) which ensures secure communication in the environment by gradually isolating the malicious nodes. The results obtained show that the proposed protocol when compared with another energy efficient protocol (MMBCR) and a widely accepted protocol (DSR) gives far better results in terms of energy efficiency. Similarly, it also outdoes a secure protocol (QDV) when it comes to detecting malicious nodes in the network.

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Cite this article
IEEE Style
Mohammad S. Obaidat, Sanjay K. Dhurandher, Deepank Gupta, Nidhi Gupta and Anupriya Asthana, "DEESR: Dynamic Energy Efficient and Secure Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks in Urban Environments," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 269~294, 2010. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.2010.6.3.269 .

ACM Style
Mohammad S. Obaidat, Sanjay K. Dhurandher, Deepank Gupta, Nidhi Gupta and Anupriya Asthana, "DEESR: Dynamic Energy Efficient and Secure Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks in Urban Environments," Journal of Information Processing Systems, 6, 3, (2010), 269~294. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.2010.6.3.269 .