Application of an Optimized Support Vector Regression Algorithm in Short-Term Traffic Flow PredictionRuibo Ai, Cheng Li, Na Li
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 719-728, Dec. 2022
Keywords: Artificial bee colony algorithm, Optimization, prediction algorithm, Short-time Traffic Flow, Support Vector Regression
Show / Hide AbstractThe prediction of short-term traffic flow is the theoretical basis of intelligent transportation as well as the key technology in traffic flow induction systems. The research on short-term traffic flow prediction has showed the considerable social value. At present, the support vector regression (SVR) intelligent prediction model that is suitable for small samples has been applied in this domain. Aiming at parameter selection difficulty and prediction accuracy improvement, the artificial bee colony (ABC) is adopted in optimizing SVR parameters, which is referred to as the ABC-SVR algorithm in the paper. The simulation experiments are carried out by comparing the ABC-SVR algorithm with SVR algorithm, and the feasibility of the proposed ABC-SVR algorithm is verified by result analysis. Continuously, the simulation experiments are carried out by comparing the ABC-SVR algorithm with particle swarm optimization SVR (PSO-SVR) algorithm and genetic optimiza- tion SVR (GA-SVR) algorithm, and a better optimization effect has been attained by simulation experiments and verified by statistical test. Simultaneously, the simulation experiments are carried out by comparing the ABC-SVR algorithm and wavelet neural network time series (WNN-TS) algorithm, and the prediction accuracy of the proposed ABC-SVR algorithm is improved and satisfactory prediction effects have been obtained.
Suman Pandey, Yang-Sae Moon, Mi-Jung Choi
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 729-740, Dec. 2022
Keywords: Amazon, Netflix, QoE, QoS, Streaming, YouTube
Show / Hide AbstractNetflix, Amazon Prime, and YouTube are the most popular and fastest-growing streaming services globally. It is a matter of great interest for the streaming service providers to preview their service infrastructure and streaming strategy in order to provide new streaming services. Hence, the first part of the paper presents a detailed survey of the Content Distribution Network (CDN) and cloud infrastructure of these service providers. To understand the streaming strategy of these service providers, the second part of the paper deduces a common quality-of-service (QoS) model based on rebuffering time, bitrate, progressive download ratio, and standard deviation of the On-Off cycle. This model is then used to analyze and compare the streaming behaviors of these services. This study concluded that the streaming behaviors of all these services are similar as they all use Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (DASH) on top of TCP. However, the amount of data that they download in the buffering state and steady-state vary, resulting in different progressive download ratios, rebuffering levels, and bitrates. The characteristics of their On-Off cycle are also different resulting in different QoS. Hence a thorough adaptive bit rate (ABR) analysis is presented in this paper. The streaming behaviors of these services are tested on different access network bandwidths, ranging from 75 kbps to 30 Mbps. The survey results indicate that Netflix QoS and streaming behavior are significantly consistent followed by Amazon Prime and YouTube. Our approach can be used to compare and contrast the streaming services’ strategies and fine- tune their ABR and flow control mechanisms.
Youngjong Kim, Sungil Jang, Myung Ho Kim, Jinho Park
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 741-754, Dec. 2022
Keywords: Blockchain, Cloud, Decentralization, Openstack Identity Service, PBFT
Show / Hide AbstractOpenstack is widely used as a representative open-source infrastructure of the service (IaaS) platform. The Openstack Identity Service is a centralized approach component based on the token including the Memcached for cache, which is the in-memory key-value store. Token validation requests are concentrated on the centralized server as the number of differently encrypted tokens increases. This paper proposes the practical Byzantine fault tolerance (PBFT) blockchain-based Openstack Identity Service, which can improve the performance efficiency and reduce security vulnerabilities through a PBFT blockchain framework-based decentralized approach. The experiment conducted by using the Apache JMeter demonstrated that latency was improved by more than 33.99% and 72.57% in the PBFT blockchain-based Openstack Identity Service, compared to the Openstack Identity Service, for 500 and 1,000 differently encrypted tokens, respectively.
Electrical Engineering Design Method Based on Neural Network and Application of Automatic Control SystemZhe Zhang, Yongchang Zhang
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 755-762, Dec. 2022
Keywords: Automatic Control, Electrical Engineering Design, Fault Tolerant Control, Neural Network
Show / Hide AbstractThe existing electrical engineering design method and the dynamic objective function in the application process of automatic control system fail to meet the unbounded condition, which affects the control tracking accuracy. In order to improve the tracking control accuracy, this paper studies the electrical engineering design method based on neural network and the application of automatic control system. This paper analyzes the structure and working mechanism of electrical engineering automation control system by an automation control model with main control objectives. Following the analysis, an optimal solution of controllability design and fault-tolerant control is figured out. The automatic control power coefficient is distributed based on an ideal control effect of system. According to the distribution results, an automatic control algorithm is based on neural network for accurate control. The experimental results show that the electrical automation control method based on neural network can significantly reduce the control following error to 3.62%, improve the accuracy of the electrical automation tracking control, thus meeting the actual production needs of electrical engineering automation control system.
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 763-769, Dec. 2022
Keywords: Blockchain Technology, genetic algorithm, objective function, Transportation Control
Show / Hide AbstractTransportation allocation requires information such as storage location and order information. In order to guarantee the safe transmission and real-time sharing of information in all links, an intelligent transportation control system based on blockchain technology is designed. Firstly, the technical architecture of intelligent transportation information traceability blockchain and the overall architecture of intelligent transportation control system were designed. Secondly, the transportation management demand module and storage demand management module were designed, and the control process of each module was given. Then, the type of intelligent transportation vehicle was defined, the objective function of intelligent transportation control was designed, and the objective function of intelligent transportation control was constructed. Finally, the intelligent transportation control was realized by genetic algorithm. It was found that when the transportation order volume was 50×103, and the CPU occupancy of the designed system was only 11.8%. The reliability attenuation of the code deletion scheme was lower, indicating better performance of the designed system.
Taiyo Ichinose, Tomoya Kawakami
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 770-783, Dec. 2022
Keywords: Disaster Prevention, Evacuation Guidance, Multi-Agent Simulation (MAS), SNS, Social Network
Show / Hide AbstractEarly evacuations reduce the damage caused by catastrophic events such as terrorism, tsunamis, heavy rains, landslides, and river floods. However, even when warnings are issued, people do not easily evacuate during these events. To shorten the evacuation time, initiative-evacuation and its executors, initiative evacuees, are crucial in inducing other evacuations. The initiative evacuees take the initiative in evacuating and call out to their surroundings. This paper proposes a fast method to induce initiative-evacuation based on social graphs. The candidates are determined in descending order of the number of links for each person. The proposed method was evaluated through simulations. The simulation results showed a significant reduction in evacuation time.
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 784-79, Dec. 2022
Keywords: Auto-control, Electrical Design, Internet of Things, Inverter
Show / Hide AbstractGrid-connected distributed power generation has been widely used in green energy generation. However, due to the distributed characteristics, distributed power generation is difficult to be dynamically allocated and monitored in the electrical control process. In order to solve this problem, this research combined the Internet of Things (IoT) with the automatic control system of electrical engineering to improve the control strategy of the power grid inverter according to the characteristics of the IoT system. In the research, a connection system of the power grid inverter and the IoT controller were designed, and the application effect was tested by simulation experiments. The results showed that the power grid inverter had strong tracking control ability for current and power control. Meanwhile, the electrical control system of the IoT could independently and dynamically control the three-phase current and power. The given value was reached within 50 ms after the step signal was input, which could protect the power grid from being affected by the current. The overall system could realize effective control, dynamic control and protective control.
Huihui Xu, Fei Li
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 794-802, Dec. 2022
Keywords: Attention Mechanism, Depth Prediction, feature fusion, Multi-scale features
Show / Hide AbstractThe recovery of reasonable depth information from different scenes is a popular topic in the field of computer vision. For generating depth maps with better details, we present an efficacious monocular depth prediction framework with coordinate attention and feature fusion. Specifically, the proposed framework contains attention, multi-scale and feature fusion modules. The attention module improves features based on coordinate attention to enhance the predicted effect, whereas the multi-scale module integrates useful low- and high-level contextual features with higher resolution. Moreover, we developed a feature fusion module to combine the heterogeneous features to generate high-quality depth outputs. We also designed a hybrid loss function that measures prediction errors from the perspective of depth and scale-invariant gradients, which contribute to preserving rich details. We conducted the experiments on public RGBD datasets, and the evaluation results show that the proposed scheme can considerably enhance the accuracy of depth prediction, achieving 0.051 for log10 and 0.992 for δ<1.253 on the NYUv2 dataset.
Yoonjeong Choi, Yujin Lim
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 803-812, Dec. 2022
Keywords: edge caching, Heterogeneous networks, Reinforcement Learning
Show / Hide AbstractWith the increasing number of mobile device users worldwide, utilizing mobile edge computing (MEC) devices close to users for content caching can reduce transmission latency than receiving content from a server or cloud. However, because MEC has limited storage capacity, it is necessary to determine the content types and sizes to be cached. In this study, we investigate a caching strategy that increases the hit ratio from small base stations (SBSs) for mobile users in a heterogeneous network consisting of one macro base station (MBS) and multiple SBSs. If there are several SBSs that users can access, the hit ratio can be improved by reducing duplicate content and increasing the diversity of content in SBSs. We propose a Deep Q-Network (DQN)-based caching strategy that considers time-varying content popularity and content redundancy in multiple SBSs. Content is stored in the SBS in a divided form using maximum distance separable (MDS) codes to enhance the diversity of the content. Experiments in various environments show that the proposed caching strategy outperforms the other methods in terms of hit ratio.
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 813-821, Dec. 2022
Keywords: Action Recognition, Hidden Markov Model, Martial Art, Visual Image, Wushu
Show / Hide AbstractIntelligent monitoring, life entertainment, medical rehabilitation, and other fields are only a few examples where visual image technology is becoming increasingly sophisticated and playing a significant role. Recognizing Wushu, or martial arts, movements through the use of visual image technology helps promote and develop Wushu. In order to segment and extract the signals of Wushu movements, this study analyzes the denoising of the original data using the wavelet transform and provides a sliding window data segmentation technique. Wushu movement The Wushu movement recognition model is built based on the hidden Markov model (HMM). The HMM model is trained and taught with the help of the Baum-Welch algorithm, which is then enhanced using the frequency weighted training approach and the mean training method. To identify the dynamic Wushu movement, the Viterbi algorithm is used to determine the probability of the optimal state sequence for each Wushu movement model. In light of the foregoing, an HMM-based martial arts movements recognition model is developed. The recognition accuracy of the HMM model increases to 99.60% when the number of samples is 4,000, which is greater than the accuracy of the SVM (by 0.94%), the CNN (by 1.12%), and the BP (by 1.14%). From what has been discussed, it appears that the suggested system for detecting martial arts acts is trustworthy and effective, and that it may contribute to the growth of martial arts.
Bing Chen, Ding Liu
Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 822-829, Dec. 2022
Keywords: Decision Tree Algorithm, Diagnostic Methods, Equipment Failure, Internet of Things, Remote Detection, Wind power
Show / Hide AbstractAccording to existing study into the remote fault diagnosis procedure, the current diagnostic approach has an imperfect decision model, which only supports communication in a close distance. An Internet of Things (IoT)- based remote fault diagnostic approach for wind power equipment is created to address this issue and expand the communication distance of fault diagnosis. Specifically, a decision model for active power coordination is built with the mechanical energy storage of power generation equipment with a remote diagnosis mode set by decision tree algorithms. These models help calculate the failure frequency of bearings in power generation equipment, summarize the characteristics of failure types and detect the operation status of wind power equipment through IoT. In addition, they can also generate the point inspection data and evaluate the equipment status. The findings demonstrate that the average communication distances of the designed remote diagnosis method and the other two remote diagnosis methods are 587.46 m, 435.61 m, and 454.32 m, respectively, indicating its application value.