Nonlinear Quality Indices Based on a Novel Lempel-Ziv Complexity for Assessing Quality of Multi-Lead ECGs Collected in Real Time


Yatao Zhang, Zhenguo Ma, Wentao Dong, Journal of Information Processing Systems Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 508-521, Apr. 2020

10.3745/JIPS.04.0170
Keywords: Complexity, ECG Quality Assessment, Encoding LZ Complexity, Entropy
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Abstract

We compared a novel encoding Lempel-Ziv complexity (ELZC) with three common complexity algorithms i.e., approximate entropy (ApEn), sample entropy (SampEn), and classic Lempel-Ziv complexity (CLZC) so as to determine a satisfied complexity and its corresponding quality indices for assessing quality of multi-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). First, we calculated the aforementioned algorithms on six artificial time series in order to compare their performance in terms of discerning randomness and the inherent irregularity within time series. Then, for analyzing sensitivity of the algorithms to content level of different noises within the ECG, we investigated their change trend in five artificial synthetic noisy ECGs containing different noises at several signal noise ratios. Finally, three quality indices based on the ELZC of the multi-lead ECG were proposed to assess the quality of 862 real 12-lead ECGs from the MIT databases. The results showed the ELZC could discern randomness and the inherent irregularity within six artificial time series, and also reflect content level of different noises within five artificial synthetic ECGs. The results indicated the AUCs of three quality indices of the ELZC had statistical significance (>0.500). The ELZC and its corresponding three indices were more suitable for multi-lead ECG quality assessment than the other three algorithms.


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Cite this article
[APA Style]
Yatao Zhang, Zhenguo Ma, & Wentao Dong (2020). Nonlinear Quality Indices Based on a Novel Lempel-Ziv Complexity for Assessing Quality of Multi-Lead ECGs Collected in Real Time. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 16(2), 508-521. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.04.0170.

[IEEE Style]
Y. Zhang, Z. Ma and W. Dong, "Nonlinear Quality Indices Based on a Novel Lempel-Ziv Complexity for Assessing Quality of Multi-Lead ECGs Collected in Real Time," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 508-521, 2020. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.04.0170.

[ACM Style]
Yatao Zhang, Zhenguo Ma, and Wentao Dong. 2020. Nonlinear Quality Indices Based on a Novel Lempel-Ziv Complexity for Assessing Quality of Multi-Lead ECGs Collected in Real Time. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 16, 2, (2020), 508-521. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.04.0170.