Passive Ranging Based on Planar Homography in a Monocular Vision System


Xin-mei Wu, Fang-li Guan, Ai-jun Xu, Journal of Information Processing Systems Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 155-170, Feb. 2020

10.3745/JIPS.03.0132
Keywords: Corner Detection, Depth Extraction Model, Monocular Vision, Passive Ranging, Planar Homography
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Abstract

Passive ranging is a critical part of machine vision measurement. Most of passive ranging methods based on machine vision use binocular technology which need strict hardware conditions and lack of universality. To measure the distance of an object placed on horizontal plane, we present a passive ranging method based on monocular vision system by smartphone. Experimental results show that given the same abscissas, the ordinatesis of the image points linearly related to their actual imaging angles. According to this principle, we first establish a depth extraction model by assuming a linear function and substituting the actual imaging angles and ordinates of the special conjugate points into the linear function. The vertical distance of the target object to the optical axis is then calculated according to imaging principle of camera, and the passive ranging can be derived by depth and vertical distance to the optical axis of target object. Experimental results show that ranging by this method has a higher accuracy compare with others based on binocular vision system. The mean relative error of the depth measurement is 0.937% when the distance is within 3 m. When it is 3–10 m, the mean relative error is 1.71%. Compared with other methods based on monocular vision system, the method does not need to calibrate before ranging and avoids the error caused by data fitting.


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Cite this article
[APA Style]
Xin-mei Wu, Fang-li Guan, & Ai-jun Xu (2020). Passive Ranging Based on Planar Homography in a Monocular Vision System. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 16(1), 155-170. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0132.

[IEEE Style]
X. Wu, F. Guan and A. Xu, "Passive Ranging Based on Planar Homography in a Monocular Vision System," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 155-170, 2020. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0132.

[ACM Style]
Xin-mei Wu, Fang-li Guan, and Ai-jun Xu. 2020. Passive Ranging Based on Planar Homography in a Monocular Vision System. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 16, 1, (2020), 155-170. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.03.0132.