Case-Related News Filtering via Topic-EnhancedPositive-Unlabeled Learning


Guanwen Wang, Zhengtao Yu, Yantuan Xian, and Yu Zhang, Journal of Information Processing Systems Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 1057-1070, Dec. 2021  

10.3745/JIPS.01.0081
Keywords: Case-Related News, Iterative Training, Positive-Unlabeled Learning, Topic
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Abstract

Case-related news filtering is crucial in legal text mining and divides news into case-related and case-unrelated categories. Because case-related news originates from various fields and has different writing styles, it is difficult to establish complete filtering rules or keywords for data collection. In addition, the labeled corpus for case-related news is sparse; therefore, to train a high-performance classification model, it is necessary to annotate the corpus. To address this challenge, we propose topic-enhanced positive-unlabeled learning, which selects positive and negative samples guided by topics. Specifically, a topic model based on a variational autoencoder (VAE) is trained to extract topics from unlabeled samples. By using these topics in the iterative process of positive-unlabeled (PU) learning, the accuracy of identifying case-related news can be improved. From the experimental results, it can be observed that the F1 value of our method on the test set is 1.8% higher than that of the PU learning baseline model. In addition, our method is more robust with low initial samples and high iterations, and compared with advanced PU learning baselines such as nnPU and I-PU, we obtain a 1.1% higher F1 value, which indicates that our method can effectively identify case-related news.


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Cite this article
[APA Style]
Guanwen Wang, Zhengtao Yu, Yantuan Xian, & and Yu Zhang (2021). Case-Related News Filtering via Topic-EnhancedPositive-Unlabeled Learning. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 17(6), 1057-1070. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.01.0081.

[IEEE Style]
G. Wang, Z. Yu, Y. Xian and a. Y. Zhang, "Case-Related News Filtering via Topic-EnhancedPositive-Unlabeled Learning," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1057-1070, 2021. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.01.0081.

[ACM Style]
Guanwen Wang, Zhengtao Yu, Yantuan Xian, and and Yu Zhang. 2021. Case-Related News Filtering via Topic-EnhancedPositive-Unlabeled Learning. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 17, 6, (2021), 1057-1070. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.01.0081.