An Offloading Scheduling Strategy with MinimizedPower Overhead for Internet of Vehicles Based onMobile Edge Computing


Bo He, Tianzhang Li, Journal of Information Processing Systems Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 489-504, Jun. 2021  

10.3745/JIPS.01.0077
Keywords: internet of vehicles, Minimizing Power Overhead, Mobile Edge Computing, Optimization Model, simulated annealing algorithm, Task offloading
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Abstract

By distributing computing tasks among devices at the edge of networks, edge computing uses virtualization, distributed computing and parallel computing technologies to enable users dynamically obtain computing power, storage space and other services as needed. Applying edge computing architectures to Internet of Vehicles can effectively alleviate the contradiction among the large amount of computing, low delayed vehicle applications, and the limited and uneven resource distribution of vehicles. In this paper, a predictive offloading strategy based on the MEC load state is proposed, which not only considers reducing the delay of calculation results by the RSU multi-hop backhaul, but also reduces the queuing time of tasks at MEC servers. Firstly, the delay factor and the energy consumption factor are introduced according to the characteristics of tasks, and the cost of local execution and offloading to MEC servers for execution are defined. Then, from the perspective of vehicles, the delay preference factor and the energy consumption preference factor are introduced to define the cost of executing a computing task for another computing task. Furthermore, a mathematical optimization model for minimizing the power overhead is constructed with the constraints of time delay and power consumption. Additionally, the simulated annealing algorithm is utilized to solve the optimization model. The simulation results show that this strategy can effectively reduce the system power consumption by shortening the task execution delay. Finally, we can choose whether to offload computing tasks to MEC server for execution according to the size of two costs. This strategy not only meets the requirements of time delay and energy consumption, but also ensures the lowest cost.


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Cite this article
[APA Style]
Bo He and Tianzhang Li (2021). An Offloading Scheduling Strategy with MinimizedPower Overhead for Internet of Vehicles Based onMobile Edge Computing. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 17(3), 489-504. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.01.0077.

[IEEE Style]
B. He and T. Li, "An Offloading Scheduling Strategy with MinimizedPower Overhead for Internet of Vehicles Based onMobile Edge Computing," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 489-504, 2021. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.01.0077.

[ACM Style]
Bo He and Tianzhang Li. 2021. An Offloading Scheduling Strategy with MinimizedPower Overhead for Internet of Vehicles Based onMobile Edge Computing. Journal of Information Processing Systems, 17, 3, (2021), 489-504. DOI: 10.3745/JIPS.01.0077.