Journal of Information Processing Systems

The Journal of Information Processing Systems (JIPS) is the official international journal of the Korea Information Processing Society. As information processing systems are progressing at a rapid pace, the Korea Information Processing Society is committed to providing researchers and other professionals with the academic information and resources they need to keep abreast with ongoing developments. The JIPS aims to be a premier source that enables researchers and professionals all over the world to promote, share, and discuss all major research issues and developments in the field of information processing systems and other related fields.

ISSN: 1976-913X (Print), ISSN: 2092-805X (Online)

[Dec. 12, 2016] Call for paper about Special sections scheduled in 2017 are registered. Please refer to here for details.
[Oct. 1, 2016] Call for paper about a new special issue titled "Smart Standards, Algorithms and Frameworks for Interoperability in Internet of Things" is now registered. Please refer to here for details.
[Aug. 20, 2016] Since August 20, 2016, the JIPS has started to manage two fast tracks as well as the regular track, and authors has been required to pay the publication charge. Please refer to the details on the author information page.
[Aug. 1, 2016] Since August 2016, the JIPS has been indexed in "Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)", a new Web of Science index managed by Thomson Reuters, launched in late 2015 for journals that have passed an initial evaluation for inclusion in SCI/SCIE/AHCI/SSCI indexes. Indexing in the ESCI will improve the visibility of the JIPS and provide a mark of quality. This achievement is good for all authors of the JIPS. For more information about ESCI, please see the ESCI fact sheet file.

Latest Publications

Journal of Information Processing Systems, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

[EDITORIAL] Advances in Multimedia Computing and Security and the Introduction of New Senior Editors
Jong Hyuk Park
Page: 549~554, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

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The Journal of Information Processing Systems (JIPS) is the official international journal of the Korea Information Processing Society, and has become the leading journal in the various areas of information processing technology in Korea that was indexed in ESCI, SCOPUS, EI, DOI, DBLP, COMPENDEX, EBSCO, Google Scholar, and CrossRef. This rapid growth represents result as paper submissions amount of papers submitted in 2016 is about 15 times higher than in 2013. Thus, the accepted rate has been decreasing, which means that we have been publishing outstanding papers from the high competition.

A New Image Clustering Method Based on the Fuzzy Harmony Search Algorithm and Fourier Transform
Ibtissem Bekkouche and Hadria Fizazi
Page: 555~576, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Fourier Transform, Fuzzy Clustering, Harmony Search, Processing Image, Remote Sensing
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In the conventional clustering algorithms, an object could be assigned to only one group. However, this is sometimes not the case in reality, there are cases where the data do not belong to one group. As against, the fuzzy clustering takes into consideration the degree of fuzzy membership of each pixel relative to different classes. In order to overcome some shortcoming with traditional clustering methods, such as slow convergence and their sensitivity to initialization values, we have used the Harmony Search algorithm. It is based on the population metaheuristic algorithm, imitating the musical improvisation process. The major thrust of this algorithm lies in its ability to integrate the key components of population-based methods and local search-based methods in a simple optimization model. We propose in this paper a new unsupervised clustering method called the Fuzzy Harmony Search-Fourier Transform (FHS-FT). It is based on hybridization fuzzy clustering and the harmony search algorithm to increase its exploitation process and to further improve the generated solution, while the Fourier transform to increase the size of the image's data. The results show that the proposed method is able to provide viable solutions as compared to previous work

Community Model for Smart TV over the Top Services
Suman Pandey, Young Joon Won, Mi-Jung Choi and Joon-Min Gil
Page: 577~590, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Community Formation, Datamining, HbbTV, Smart TV
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We studied the current state-of-the-art of Smart TV, the challenges and the drawbacks. Mainly we discussed the lack of end-to-end solution. We then illustrated the differences between Smart TV and IPTV from network service provider point of view. Unlike IPTV, viewer of Smart TV’s over-the-top (OTT) services could be global, such as foreign nationals in a country or viewers having special viewing preferences. Those viewers are sparsely distributed. The existing TV service deployment models over Internet are not suitable for such viewers as they are based on content popularity, hence we propose a community based service deployment methodology with proactive content caching on rendezvous points (RPs). In our proposal, RPs are intermediate nodes responsible for caching routing and decision making. The viewer’s community formation is based on geographical locations and similarity of their interests. The idea of using context information to do proactive caching is itself not new, but we combined this with “in network caching” mechanism of content centric network (CCN) architecture. We gauge the performance improvement achieved by a community model. The result shows that when the total numbers of requests are same; our model can have significantly better performance, especially for sparsely distributed communities

Homogeneous and Non-homogeneous Polynomial Based Eigenspaces to Extract the Features on Facial Images
Arif Muntasa
Page: 591~611, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Eigenspaces, Feature Extraction, Homogeneous, Non-homogeneous
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High dimensional space is the biggest problem when classification process is carried out, because it takes longer time for computation, so that the costs involved are also expensive. In this research, the facial space generated from homogeneous and non-homogeneous polynomial was proposed to extract the facial image features. The homogeneous and non-homogeneous polynomial-based eigenspaces are the second opinion of the feature extraction of an appearance method to solve non-linear features. The kernel trick has been used to complete the matrix computation on the homogeneous and non-homogeneous polynomial. The weight and projection of the new feature space of the proposed method have been evaluated by using the three face image databases, i.e., the YALE, the ORL, and the UoB. The experimental results have produced the highest recognition rate 94.44%, 97.5%, and 94% for the YALE, ORL, and UoB, respectively. The results explain that the proposed method has produced the higher recognition than the other methods, such as the Eigenface, Fisherface, Laplacianfaces, and O-Laplacianfaces

Interactive Authoring Tool for Mobile Augmented Reality Content
Jiyoung Jeon, Min Hong, Manhui Yi, Jiyoon Chun, Ji Sim Kim and Yoo-Joo Cho
Page: 612~630, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Augmented Reality, Authoring Tool, Interactive Mobile, Mobile App
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As mobile augmented reality technologies are spreading these days, many users want to produce augmented reality (AR) contents what they need by themselves. To keep pace with such needs, we have developed a mobile AR contents builder (hereafter referred to as MARB) that enables the user to easily connect a natural marker and a virtual object with various interaction events that are used to manipulate the virtual object in a mobile environment so that users can simply produce an AR content using natural photos and virtual objects that they select. MARB consists of five major modules—target manger, virtual object manager, AR accessory manager, AR content manager, and AR viewer. The target manager, virtual object manager and AR accessory manager register and manage natural target markers, various virtual objects and content accessories (such as various decorating images), respectively. The AR content manger defines a connection between a target and a virtual object with enabling various interactions for the desired functions such as translation/rotation/scaling of the virtual object, playing of a music, etc. AR viewer augments various virtual objects (such as 2D images, 3D models and video clips) on the pertinent target. MARB has been developed in a mobile application (app) format in order to create AR contents simply using mobile smart devices without switching to a PC environment for authoring the content. In this paper, we present the detail organizations and applications of MARB. It is expected that MARB will enable ordinary users to produce diverse mobile AR contents for various purposes with ease and contribute to expanding the mobile AR market based on spread of a variety of AR contents

Image Deblocking Scheme for JPEG Compressed Images Using an Adaptive-Weighted Bilateral Filter
Liping Wang, Chengyou Wang, Wei Huang and Xiao Zhou
Page: 631~643, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Image Deblocking, Adaptive-Weighted Bilateral Filter, Blind Image Quality Assessment (BIQA), Local Entropy
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Due to the block-based discrete cosine transform (BDCT), JPEG compressed images usually exhibit blocking artifacts. When the bit rates are very low, blocking artifacts will seriously affect the image’s visual quality. A bilateral filter has the features for edge-preserving when it smooths images, so we propose an adaptiveweighted bilateral filter based on the features. In this paper, an image-deblocking scheme using this kind of adaptive-weighted bilateral filter is proposed to remove and reduce blocking artifacts. Two parameters of the proposed adaptive-weighted bilateral filter are adaptive-weighted so that it can avoid over-blurring unsmooth regions while eliminating blocking artifacts in smooth regions. This is achieved in two aspects: by using local entropy to control the level of filtering of each single pixel point within the image, and by using an improved blind image quality assessment (BIQA) to control the strength of filtering different images whose blocking artifacts are different. It is proved by our experimental results that our proposed image-deblocking scheme provides good performance on eliminating blocking artifacts and can avoid the over-blurring of unsmooth regions

A Chi-Square-Based Decision for Real-Time Malware Detection Using PE-File Features
Mohamed Belaoued and Smaine Mazouzi
Page: 644~660, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Chi-Square Test, Malware Analysis, PE-Optional Header, Real-Time Detection Windows API
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The real-time detection of malware remains an open issue, since most of the existing approaches for malware categorization focus on improving the accuracy rather than the detection time. Therefore, finding a proper balance between these two characteristics is very important, especially for such sensitive systems. In this paper, we present a fast portable executable (PE) malware detection system, which is based on the analysis of the set of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) called by a program and some technical PE features (TPFs). We used an efficient feature selection method, which first selects the most relevant APIs and TPFs using the chi-square (KHI²) measure, and then the Phi (?) coefficient was used to classify the features in different subsets, based on their relevance. We evaluated our method using different classifiers trained on different combinations of feature subsets. We obtained very satisfying results with more than 98% accuracy. Our system is adequate for real-time detection since it is able to categorize a file (Malware or Benign) in 0.09 seconds

Segmentation and Recognition of Korean Vehicle License Plate Characters Based on the Global Threshold Method and the Cross-Correlation Matching Algorithm
Md. Mostafa Kamal Sarker and Moon Kyou Song
Page: 661~680, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Cross-Correlation, Global Threshold, License Plate Recognition, Radon Transformation, Traffic Surveillance
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The vehicle license plate recognition (VLPR) system analyzes and monitors the speed of vehicles, theft of vehicles, the violation of traffic rules, illegal parking, etc., on the motorway. The VLPR consists of three major parts: license plate detection (LPD), license plate character segmentation (LPCS), and license plate character recognition (LPCR). This paper presents an efficient method for the LPCS and LPCR of Korean vehicle license plates (LPs). LP tilt adjustment is a very important process in LPCS. Radon transformation is used to correct the tilt adjustment of LP. The global threshold segmentation method is used for segmented LP characters from two different types of Korean LPs, which are a single row LP (SRLP) and double row LP (DRLP). The cross-correlation matching method is used for LPCR. Our experimental results show that the proposed methods for LPCS and LPCR can be easily implemented, and they achieved 99.35% and 99.85% segmentation and recognition accuracy rates, respectively for Korean LPs

A Novel DWT-SVD Canny-Based Watermarking Using a Modified Torus Technique
Salima Lalani and D. D. Doye
Page: 681~687, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: DWT, Image Watermarking, Torus
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Today’s modern world requires a digital watermarking technique that takes the redundancy of an image into consideration for embedding a watermark. The novel algorithm used in this paper takes into consideration the redundancies of spatial domain and wavelet domain for embedding a watermark. Also, the cryptographybased secret key makes the algorithm difficult to hack and help protect ownership. Watermarking is blind, as it does not require the original image. Few coefficient matrices and secret keys are essential to retrieve the original watermark, which makes it redundant to various intentional attacks. The proposed technique resolves the challenge of optimizing transparency and robustness using a Canny-based edge detector technique. Improvements in the transparency of the cover image can be seen in the computed PSNR value, which is 44.20 dB

A Novel Approach for Integrating Security in Business Rules Modeling Using Agents and an Encryption Algorithm
Nawal Sad Houari and Noria Taghezout
Page: 688~710, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Business Rules (BR), Business Rules Management System (BRMS), Encryption Algorithms, Security Agent
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Our approach permits to capitalize the expert’s knowledge as business rules by using an agent-based platform. The objective of our approach is to allow experts to manage the daily evolutions of business domains without having to use a technician, and to allow them to be implied, and to participate in the development of the application to accomplish the daily tasks of their work. Therefore, the manipulation of an expert’s knowledge generates the need for information security and other associated technologies. The notion of cryptography has emerged as a basic concept in business rules modeling. The purpose of this paper is to present a cryptographic algorithm based approach to integrate the security aspect in business rules modeling. We propose integrating an agent-based approach in the framework. This solution utilizes a security agent with domain ontology. This agent applies an encryption/decryption algorithm to allow for the confidentiality, authenticity, and integrity of the most important rules. To increase the security of these rules, we used hybrid cryptography in order to take advantage of symmetric and asymmetric algorithms. We performed some experiments to find the best encryption algorithm, which provides improvement in terms of response time, space memory, and security

Treatment Planning in Smart Medical: A Sustainable Strategy
Fei Hao, Doo-Soon Park, Sang Yeon Woo, Se Dong Min and Sewon Park
Page: 711~723, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Degree of Membership, Fuzzy Evaluation, Smart Medical, Sustainable, Treatment Plan
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With the rapid development of both ubiquitous computing and the mobile internet, big data technology is gradually penetrating into various applications, such as smart traffic, smart city, and smart medical. In particular, smart medical, which is one core part of a smart city, is changing the medical structure. Specifically, it is improving treatment planning for various diseases. Since multiple treatment plans generated from smart medical have their own unique treatment costs, pollution effects, side-effects for patients, and so on, determining a sustainable strategy for treatment planning is becoming very critical in smart medical. From the sustainable point of view, this paper first presents a three-dimensional evaluation model for representing the raw medical data and then proposes a sustainable strategy for treatment planning based on the representation model. Finally, a case study on treatment planning for the group of “computer autism” patients is then presented for demonstrating the feasibility and usability of the proposed strategy

Accelerating Group Fusion for Ligand-Based Virtual Screening on Multi-core and Many-core Platforms
Mohd-Norhadri Mohd-Hilmi, Marwah Haitham Al-Laila and Nurul Hashimah Ahamed Hassain Malim
Page: 724~740, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Chemoinformatics, Graphical Processing Unit, Group Fusion, Open Multiprocessing, Virtual Screening
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The performance issues of screening large database compounds and multiple query compounds in virtual screening highlight a common concern in Chemoinformatics applications. This study investigates these problems by choosing group fusion as a pilot model and presents efficient parallel solutions in parallel platforms, specifically, the multi-core architecture of CPU and many-core architecture of graphical processing unit (GPU). A study of sequential group fusion and a proposed design of parallel CUDA group fusion are presented in this paper. The design involves solving two important stages of group fusion, namely, similarity search and fusion (MAX rule), while addressing embarrassingly parallel and parallel reduction models. The sequential, optimized sequential and parallel OpenMP of group fusion were implemented and evaluated. The outcome of the analysis from these three different design approaches influenced the design of parallel CUDA version in order to optimize and achieve high computation intensity. The proposed parallel CUDA performed better than sequential and parallel OpenMP in terms of both execution time and speedup. The parallel CUDA was 5-10x faster than sequential and parallel OpenMP as both similarity search and fusion MAX stages had been CUDA-optimized

Image-Centric Integrated Data Model of Medical Information by Diseases: Two Case Studies for AMI and Ischemic Stroke
Meeyeon Lee, Ye-Seul Park and Jung-Won Lee
Page: 741~753, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Acute Myocardial Infarction, Data Model, Hospital Information System, Ischemic Stroke, Medical Image, Medical Information, Ontology
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In the medical fields, many efforts have been made to develop and improve Hospital Information System (HIS) including Electronic Medical Record (EMR), Order Communication System (OCS), and Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS). However, materials generated and used in medical fields have various types and forms. The current HISs separately store and manage them by different systems, even though they relate to each other and contain redundant data. These systems are not helpful particularly in emergency where medical experts cannot check all of clinical materials in the golden time. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a process to build an integrated data model for medical information currently stored in various HISs. The proposed data model integrates vast information by focusing on medical images since they are most important materials for the diagnosis and treatment. Moreover, the model is disease-specific to consider that medical information and clinical materials including images are different by diseases. Two case studies show the feasibility and the usefulness of our proposed data model by building models about two diseases, acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and ischemic stroke

Sparsification of Digital Images Using Discrete Rajan Transform
Kethepalli Mallikarjuna, Kodati Satya Prasad and M. V. Subramanyam
Page: 754~764, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Degree of Sparsity, Discrete Rajan Transform, Sparsification
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The exhaustive list of sparsification methods for a digital image suffers from achieving an adequate number of zero and near-zero coefficients. The method proposed in this paper, which is known as the Discrete Rajan Transform Sparsification, overcomes this inadequacy. An attempt has been made to compare the simulation results for benchmark images by various popular, existing techniques and analyzing from different aspects. With the help of Discrete Rajan Transform algorithm, both lossless and lossy sparse representations are obtained. We divided an image into 8×8-sized blocks and applied the Discrete Rajan Transform algorithm to it to get a more sparsified spectrum. The image was reconstructed from the transformed output of the Discrete Rajan Transform algorithm with an acceptable peak signal-to-noise ratio. The performance of the Discrete Rajan Transform in providing sparsity was compared with the results provided by the Discrete Fourier Transform, Discrete Cosine Transform, and the Discrete Wavelet Transform by means of the Degree of Sparsity. The simulation results proved that the Discrete Rajan Transform provides better sparsification when compared to other methods

Blind Color Image Watermarking Based on DWT and LU Decomposition
Dongyan Wang, Fanfan Yang and Heng Zhang
Page: 765~778, Vol. 12, No.4, 2016

Keywords: Digital Color Image Watermark, Discrete Wavelet Transformation (DWT), LU Decomposition, Normalized Correlation (NC), Structural Similarity (SSIM)
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In watermarking schemes, the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) is broadly used because its frequency component separation is very useful. Moreover, LU decomposition has little influence on the visual quality of the watermark. Hence, in this paper, a novel blind watermark algorithm is presented based on LU transform and DWT for the copyright protection of digital images. In this algorithm, the color host image is first performed with DWT. Then, the horizontal and vertical diagonal high frequency components are extracted from the wavelet domain, and the sub-images are divided into 4×4 non-overlapping image blocks. Next, each sub-block is performed with LU decomposition. Finally, the color image watermark is transformed by Arnold permutation, and then it is inserted into the upper triangular matrix. The experimental results imply that this algorithm has good features of invisibility and it is robust against different attacks to a certain degree, such as contrast adjustment, JPEG compression, salt and pepper noise, cropping, and Gaussian noise

Featured Papers

Survey on 3D Surface Reconstruction
Alireza Khatamian and Hamid R. Arabnia
Pages: 338~357, Vol. 12, No.3, 2016

Keywords: Explicit Surfaces, Implicit Surfaces, Point Cloud, Surface Reconstruction
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A Comprehensive Review of Emerging Computational Methods for Gene Identification
Ning Yu, Zeng Yu, Bing Li, Feng Gu and Yi Pan
Pages: 1~34, Vol. 12, No.1, 2016

Keywords: Cloud Computing, Comparative Methods, Deep Learning, Fourier Transform, Gene Identification, Gene Prediction, Hidden Markov Model, Machine Learning, Protein-Coding Region, Support Vector Machine
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On the Performance of Oracle Grid Engine Queuing System for Computing Intensive Applications
Vladi Kolici, Albert Herrero and Fatos Xhafa
Pages: 491~502, Vol. 10, No.4, 2014
Keywords: Benchmarking, Cloud Computing, Computing Intensive Applications, Genetic Algorithms, Grid Computing, Oracle Grid Engine, Scheduling, Simulation
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Training-Free Fuzzy Logic Based Human Activity Recognition
Eunju Kim and Sumi Helal
Pages: 335~354, Vol. 10, No.3, 2014
Keywords: Activity Semantic Knowledge, Fuzzy Logic, Human Activity Recognition, Multi-Layer Neural Network
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Janus - Multi Source Event Detection and Collection System for Effective Surveillance of Criminal Activity
Cyrus Shahabi, Seon Ho Kim, Luciano Nocera, Giorgos Constantinou, Ying Lu, Yinghao Cai, Gérard Medioni, Ramakant Nevatia and Farnoush Banaei-Kashani
Pages: 1~22, Vol. 10, No.1, 2014
Keywords: Multi-source, Multi-modal Event Detection, Law Enforcement, Criminal Activity, Surveillance, Security, Safety
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The Confinement Problem: 40 Years Later
Alex Crowell, Beng Heng Ng, Earlence Fernandes and Atul Prakash
Pages: 189~204, Vol. 9, No.2, 2013
Keywords: Confinement Problem, Covert Channels, Virtualization, Isolation, Taint Tracking
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An Adaptive Approach to Learning the Preferences of Users in a Social Network Using Weak Estimators
B. John Oommen, Anis Yazidi and Ole-Christoffer Granmo
Pages: 191~212, Vol. 8, No.2, 2012
Keywords: Weak es timators, User's Profiling, Time Varying Preferences
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Indoor Link Quality Comparison of IEEE 802.11a Channels in a Multi-radio Mesh Network Testbed
Asitha U Bandaranayake, Vaibhav Pandit and Dharma P. Agrawal
Pages: 1~20, Vol. 8, No.1, 2012
Keywords: IEEE 802.11a, Indoor Test Bed, Link Quality, Wireless Mesh Networks
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A Survey of RFID Deployment and Security Issues
Amit Grover and Hal Berghel
Pages: 561~580, Vol. 7, No.4, 2011
Keywords: RFID, RFID Standards, RFID Protocols, RFID Security, EPC structure, RFID Applications, RFID Classification
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The Principle of Justifiable Granularity and an Optimization of Information Granularity Allocation as Fundamentals of Granular Computing
Witold Pedrycz
Pages: 397~412, Vol. 7, No.3, 2011
Keywords: Information Granularity, Principle of Justifiable Granularity, Knowledge Management, Optimal Granularity Allocation
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CASPER: Congestion Aware Selection of Path with Efficient Routing in Multimedia Networks
Mohammad S. Obaidat, Sanjay K. Dhurandher and Khushboo Diwakar
Pages: 241~260, Vol. 7, No.2, 2011
Keywords: Routing, Multimedia Networks, Congestion-aware Selection, MANET, CASPER, Performance Evaluation
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An Efficient Broadcast Technique for Vehicular Networks
Ai Hua Ho, Yao H. Ho, Kien A. Hua, Roy Villafane and Han-Chieh Chao
Pages: 221~240, Vol. 7, No.2, 2011
Keywords: V2V Communication Protocols, Vehicular Network, Ad Hoc Network, Broadcast, Broadcasting Storm, Routing
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Security Properties of Domain Extenders for Cryptographic Hash Functions
Elena Andreeva, Bart Mennink and Bart Preneel
Pages: 453~480, Vol. 6, No.4, 2010
Keywords: Hash Functions, Domain Extenders, Security Properties
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Hiding Secret Data in an Image Using Codeword Imitation
Zhi-Hui Wang, Chin-Chen Chang and Pei-Yu Tsai
Pages: 435~452, Vol. 6, No.4, 2010
Keywords: Data Hiding, Steganography, Vector Quantization
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DEESR: Dynamic Energy Efficient and Secure Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks in Urban Environments
Mohammad S. Obaidat, Sanjay K. Dhurandher, Deepank Gupta, Nidhi Gupta and Anupriya Asthana
Pages: 269~294, Vol. 6, No.3, 2010
Keywords: Sensor Network, Security, Energy Efficiency, Routing, Dynamic Trust Factor
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Challenges to Next Generation Services in IP Multimedia Subsystem
Kai-Di Chang, Chi-Yuan Chen, Jiann-Liang Chen and Han-Chieh Chao
Pages: 129~146, Vol. 6, No.2, 2010
Keywords: IP Multimedia Subsystems, Peer-to-Peer, Web Services, SCIM
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TOSS: Telecom Operations Support Systems for Broadband Services
Yuan-Kai Chen, Chang-Ping Hsu, Chung-Hua Hu, Rong-Syh Lin, Yi-Bing Lin, Jian-Zhi Lyu, Wudy Wu and Heychyi Young
Pages: 1~20, Vol. 6, No.1, 2010
Keywords: Operations Support System (OSS), New Generation Operations Systems and Software (NGOSS), enhanced Telecom Operations Map (eTOM), Internet Protocol Television (IPTV), IP-Virtual Private Network (IP-VPN)
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Providing Efficient Secured Mobile IPv6 by SAG and Robust Header Compression
Tin-Yu Wu, Han-Chieh Chao and Chi-Hsiang Lo
Pages: 117~130, Vol. 5, No.3, 2009
10.3745/JIPS.2009.5.3. 117
Keywords: SAG, RoHC, MIPv6, Handoff Latency, Early Binding Update
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A Survey of Face Recognition Techniques
Rabia Jafri and Hamid R Arabnia
Pages: 41~68, Vol. 5, No.2, 2009
Keywords: Face Recognition, Person Identification, Biometrics
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With regard to ethical standards, the JIPS takes plagiarism very seriously and thoroughly checks all articles. The JIPS defines research ethics as securing objectivity and accuracy in the execution of research and the conclusion of results without any unintentional errors resulting from negligence or incorrect knowledge, etc. and without any intentional misconduct such as falsification, plagiarism, etc. When an author submits a paper to the JIPS online submission and peer-review system, he/she should also upload the separate file "author check list" which contains a statement that all his/her research has been performed in accordance with ethical standards.

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